Youth Voice Journal (YVJ) is an international, multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal that publishes theoretical contributions and empirical studies on international issues affecting young people. YVJ is published by IARS Publications, a member of COPE. YVJ is ranked and indexed by Scopus, ORCID, Kudos, Criminal Justice Abstracts, EBSCO Information Services and The European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences (ERIH PLUS).
This study uses triangulation to examine the presence and influence of risk factors in the lives of individuals who aged-out of foster care (N=25). Using Akers’ social learning theory as the theoretical framework, participants are examined through the concepts of differential association, definitions, differential reinforcement, and imitation. Compared with state and national averages on risk factors, aged-out foster care participants are more vulnerable than the general population. The results of this study suggest that aged-out foster care participants disproportionately experience risk factors associated with crime, but can be positively affected by independent living facilities.
Aging-Out, Crime, Foster Care, Social Learning, and Sociology
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