Youth Voice Journal (YVJ™) is the world's leading peer-reviewed journal publishing theoretical contributions and empirical studies on international issues affecting young people and youth work. YVJ™ is published by RJ4All Publications and is ranked and indexed by Scopus, ORCID, Kudos, Criminal Justice Abstracts, EBSCO and ERIH PLUS.
Whilst the majority of young people are successfully socialised, educated and provided for by family, social agencies and schools, there is a significant minority of people across Europe that are disaffected and disengaged. Such young people’s social exclusion is often associated with offending and mental health problems. Thus the social and economic costs of social exclusion are high. This article examines how ideas, ideologies and policies across Europe can affect welfare and inclusion approaches. The different emphases and effects found from this comparative analysis of how and whether welfare interventions should be used to engage young people to improve social cohesion in addressing the needs of those young people at risk are put forward as possible learning points for national policies.
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